What is a Colostomy

For many people, they might consider a colostomy, which is a surgical procedure that brings one part of the large intestine through the abdominal area.  During this, one end of the colon is diverted through an incision within this to create a stoma.  This is an opening within the skin where a pouch is attached. Those with temporary or even long-term ones have these attached to the sides where the feces will collect, and they can be disposed of.

They aren’t always permanent, however, especially in children, where the reason for this is, of course, birth defects.  This can correct a lot of problems with the lower digestive tract too.

Similar versions of these ostomies include the ileostomy, and the urostomy, where the ileostomy is a diversion of the bottom of the small intestine, and of course, a urostomy is a diversion of the tubes to bring urine out of the bladder. Colostomies are also called bowel diversion therapy.

These are typically performed when there are problems with your lower bowels, including ones where you need to divert the stool away from there, and to help keep problems out of the colon.

If you have disease there such as colon cancer, the permanent variations of this will be performed, and the colon might be removed fully. Blockages, injuries, Crohn’s disease, colorectal cancer, polyps, and other birth defects, and even IBS might call for a colostomy.

If you have ulcerative colitis, you might need to consider this surgery as well.

So, what are the risks of this? Well, it’s major surgery, so there are risks that come with this. Blockages, damage to other organs, hernias, internal bleeding, a prolapse in the colostomy, and also problems with the scar tissue and the wound breaking open are all normal parts of this. The best way to determine whether or not you’re at risk for any of this is, of course, to talk with your doctor about this to help you determine whether or not you’re at risk for these problems, and to help you if you’re having troubles making the right decision with this.

To prepare for something like this, you usually will need to give blood samples, a physical exam, and of course, the medial history will be consulted. Your doctor will ask about any former surgeries and medications which are taken, including supplements and medicines. Your doctor will ask you to fast for about 12 hours before surgery, and you might need to have a laxative or an enema the night before in order to help clean out your bowels.  You’ll need to stay for at least 3-7 days in the hospital.

You are out under anesthesia via an IV, and you’ll be painless and asleep during this.  You will first be prepared and clean, and you’ll get an incision into there, and you’ll then have a par of the large intestine cut, bringing it through the abdominal wall.

From there, an implant is put into there, to hold the intestine in place.  It might be temporary and permanent. Once this is finished, you’ll have the stitches closed and brought to a recovery room, and from there, you’ll have to reintroduce liquids to make sure that there are no digestive problems.

With all of this, you’ll be able to get the help that you need, and there is, of course, the benefit to a colostomy, and it might be something that you need. You should definitely talk with your doctor if you believe that you might need one, and to get the help that you need.